Geology

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Faculty

  • Dov Avigad

    Dov Avigad

    Professor
    972-2-65-86468
    dov.avigad@mail.huji.ac.il
    Room 204 North

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    Together with my students, postdoctoral scholars, and affiliated researchers, I combine field and laboratory studies to understand the origin of Earth's continental crust, its composition and architecture. Within this broad research avenue I concentrate on aspects of continental tectonics with emphasis on Precambrian crustal evolution, old and young orogenic belts, continental extensional tectonics, and the link between orogeny, erosion and sedimentation. We seek to unravel plate tectonics processes around the Eastern Mediterranean with special emphasis on the Cadomian and Avalonian continental collage of SE Europe and Asia Minor, Precambrian crustal evolution of the Arabian-Nubian Shield in Eilat and Ethiopia, the provenance of the great Paleozoic sand sea of northern Africa and Arabia, and its linkage to Pan-African orogens and to coeval silisiclastic sediments in Europe.

    Our research is funded by the Israel Science Foundation, the Israel Ministry of Infrastructure, the German-Israel Binational Science Foundation and the USA-Israel Binational Science Foundation. We currently collaborate with scientists from Israel, USA, Australia, Germany, Turkey, France and Ethiopia

     

    Curriculum Vitae

     

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  • Einat  Aharonov

    Einat Aharonov

    Professor
    972-2-65-84670
    einatah@mail.huji.ac.il
    Room 311 South
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    Research Interests
     
    In my group, we study coupled physical and chemical processes that control deformation and evolution of rocks. Most of our research focuses on how relatively small-scale processes (on the pore, grain, or asperity scale) control large-scale geological phenomena such as soil liquefaction, the dynamics of landslides and earthquakes, the process of rock compaction/dissolution, or the physics of friction. My group also studies larger scale coupled deformation, such as coupled brittle - ductile deformation, the creation of pockmarks on the ocean floor, salt tectonics and the physics of subduction initiation. I work on the boundary between physics and geology, using mainly theoretical and numerical tools. However, our work is always constrained by observations: to understand the physics of a system of interest, I collaborate also with field geologists and experimentalists who provide an empirical foundation to the theoretical work.
     
    In addition, recently I became interested in Energy issues, especially in oil & gas formation and extraction, and their environmental and climatic impact. I formed and headed the Petroleum Geology MSc direction at the Hebrew University.  
     
    Ongoing projects:
    • The physics of friction – can we predict friction, and dependence on velocity, temperature and pressure, from basic thermodynamic parameters?
    • Understanding how salt tectonics causes faulting of overlying sediments.
    • The physics of soil liquefaction during earthquakes.
    • Earthquake triggering by fluids. 
    • Reactive flow in rocks and formation of hyopgenic karsts.
     
    Past PhD Students and postdocs:
    • Dr Zvi Kul Karcz. VP for Exploration and Chief Geologist at Delek Drilling Company.
    • Prof Liran Goren, Associate Prof at the Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences, Ben-Gurion University, Israel.  
    • Dr Stanislav Parez, Researcher at the Inst of Chemical Process Fundamentals, The Czech Academy of Sciences.
    • Dr Regina Katsman, Scientist at the Dept of Marine Geosciences, Univ of Haifa.
    • Dr Shalev Siman-Tov, Researcher at the Geological Hazards Division, Geological survey of Israel
    • Dr. Nataliia Makedonska, Scientist at Computational Earth Science Group, Los Alamos National labs, USA.
    • Dr Anner Paldor, postdoc at the Univ. of Delaware, Dept. of Earth Sciences.
    • Dr Leehee Laronne Ben-Itzhak
     
     
    Past MSc students: Inbar Vaknin, Einav Reuven, Hanna Rubin, Itzhak Hamdani, Maor Kaduri. Boriana Kalderon‐Asael, Yonatan Elfassi.
     
     
    Present postdocs: Dr Maor Kaduri.
     
     
    Present PhD students: Shahar Ben Zeev, Roi Roded, Pritom Sarma, Jimmy Moneron (main advisor Prof Z Gvirtzman).
     
     
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